When it comes to quality measures in healthcare, there are a few different types that are important to know about. These measures help us assess the care that patients receive and identify any areas where improvements need to be made. In this article, we will take a closer look at a few different types of health care quality measures:
1. Outcome Measures
Outcome measures assess the health state of a patient resulting from healthcare. This can include things like mortality rates or the percentage of patients who experience a certain side effect from a medication. Outcome measures are supported by evidence that indicates whether or not it has been used to evaluate the effect of one or more clinical therapies. One example of an outcome measure in healthcare would be the percentage of patients with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control. This type of quality measure is important because it can show whether or not a healthcare intervention is actually effective.
2. Process Measures
Process measures are a type of quality measurement that examines the care patients receive. This can include things like how often certain procedures are performed or how often patients are seen for follow-up appointments. It can inform consumers about the care they may expect to receive for a given condition or disease and can help contribute toward improving health outcomes. The most frequent form of healthcare quality metrics used for public reporting is a process measurement. One example of a process measure is the percentage of patients with diabetes who receive a blood sugar test and are controlled within a certain range.
3. Structural Measures
Structural measures, often known as “assessment of provider capability measures,” evaluate elements of a healthcare company or clinician’s capacity to offer care. The environment of care and its associated administrative procedures and standards are the focus of this approach to measurement. An example of a structural measure would be the number of primary care physicians per 100,000 population. This type of measure is important because it can help identify areas where there may be a shortage of providers and patients who are not able to receive the care they need.
These are just a few of the different types of quality measures that are used in healthcare. Each type of measure serves a different purpose and can help us to assess the care that patients receive. It is important to be familiar with all of these measures so that we can identify any areas where improvements need to be made.